Thai Language: 10 Simple Holiday Phrases For Dining Out In Thailand

In today’s Thai language post I thought I would focus on dining out in Thailand. Below are 10 phrases made up from conversations that you might find in a restaurant situation and some language notes to go with them that will hopefully make some things clearer. The post involves a foreigner named Mike, his Thai friend named Noy and the waitress which in Thai is ” Khon Seep”.

I have included links to the Thai alphabet for the real serious learners at the beginning of this post along with links to alphabet pronunciation and tonal explanation as Thai is a tonal language.

Thai Alphabet Links

By clicking on the link here and scrolling a bit you will find from Wikipedia The Thai Alphabet explained, simple vowels, consonants and lots of other information.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thai_alphabet

By clicking on the link here you can actually see and hear the Thai alphabet being pronounced

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UwWY3aLG2D8

Tones

Something that might well be new to you, but that needs taking note of straight away is tones. Thai is a tonal language and every word or syllable is spoken in a different tone. There are five tones and they are

  • Mid tone (m)
  • Low tone (l)
  • Falling tone (f)
  • High tone (h)
  • Rising tone (r)
     Tones explained here

Phrase One

Noy: Have you eaten yet?

thaan (m) khaao (f) laaeo (h) reuu (r) yang (m)

ทานข้าวแล้วหรือยัง

Mike: I have not eaten yet

yang (m) mai (f) dai (f) thaan (m)

ยังไม่ได้ทาน

Language Note

If you get the chance to become friends with any Thai people whilst on holiday you will often hear the phrase ‘’have you eaten yet, thaan (m) khaao (f) ruu (r) yang (m)’’). The phrase is in fact used as a common greeting, it was the original Thai hello before ‘’sawatdee’’ made it’s introduction around the time of World War II. You can see where a main Thai priority lies, because whether you have eaten or not conversation should certainly continue over food, so I hope you are not already full.

Phrase Two

 Noy: Are you hungry?

khoon (m) hiu (r) mai (r)

คุณหิวไหม

Mike: I am Very hungry

Phohm (r) / di (l) chan (r) hiu (r) maak (f)

ผม/ดิฉันหิวมาก

Language Note

The words (phohm) and ( di chan) both mean I, but don’t forget that (phohm (r) is used by male speakers and (di (l) chan (r) is used by female speakers.

Phrase Three

Noy: Shall we have lunch together?

bpai (m) thaan (m) aa (m) haan (r) glaang (m) wan (m) duay (f) gan (m) mai (r)

ไปทานอาหารกลางวันด้วยกันไหม

Mike: Great

yaawt (f)

ยอด

Language Note

Don’t be surprised if at times you see or hear the word (khaao (f) meaning rice in place of the word (aahaan) meaning food. In Thailand rice is very much the staple food, so for example (‘’ thaan (m) aa (m) haan (r). To eat food’’) will often become ‘’ thaan (m) khaao (f), to eat rice or more generalised to eat food’’).

Phrase Four

Once you are at the restaurant and have looked through the menu the waitress or waiter will come and ask you what you would like

Waitress:  What would you like to order

rap (h) a (l) rai (m) kha (h)

รับอะไรคะ

Mike:  Can I have fried rice please?

khaaw (r) khaao (f) phat (l) jaan (m) neung (l) khrap (h)

ขอข้าวผัดจานหนึ่งครับ

Language Note

In phrase four I have provided polite particles to the end of each sentence. These particles are used to give extra politeness in more formal situations. Nothing is set in concrete about when to use them, but  certainly with first time meetings and people you don’t know. The reason I have not used them during the rest of the phrases is that they don’t really need to be used when talking to friends or people in the service industry. However the waitress quite probably would add (kha) (h) when speaking to you. Anyway I cannot say I am perfect here as often I will still use a polite particle on the end when addressing the taxi-driver, waitress or whoever just to keep things polite. I am still in the belief that manners cost nothing and I despise the thought of ever thinking I am better than anyone else, but that is just the way I am wired I guess.

Phrase Five

Waitress: What kind of fried rice would you like to order? Prawn, chicken or pork?

rap (h) khaao (f) phat (l) a (l) rai (m) muu (r) gai (l) reuu (r) goong (f)

รับข้าวผัดอะไร หมูไก่หรือกุ้ง

Mike: I will have the chicken fried rice

ao (m) khaao (f) phat (l) gai (l) gaaw (f) laaeo (h) gan (m)

เอาข้าวผัดไก่ก็แล้วกัน

Language Note

In this phrase the waitress uses (rap (h) meaning to receive or to have) in trying to establish what Mike would like to order, but Mike responds using (aw) (m) meaning to have or to want).  The two words are similar, but the word (rap) (h)) which the waitress uses is slightly more formal and polite than (aw) (m).

Phrase Six

 Waitress: Do you want egg in it?

sai (l) khai (l) mai (r)

ใส่ไข่ไหม

Mike: Yes

sai (l)

ใส่

Language Note 1

The word (may) (r) at the end of the sentence asked by the waitress basically transforms the sentence in to a question so ‘’do you want egg in it?’’

Language Note 2

So if you want to reply yes to a (may (r)) question then all you do is repeat the verb which in this case is (sai) (l)  meaning to put )

If you want to reply no to a (may) (r) question and this is where you might get confused you reply with the word for no or not which is (may) (f) but with a falling tone used in front of the verb. So the reply for not wanting egg in it would be ‘’may (f) sai (l)’’.

Phrase Seven

Waitress: Would you like to order anything else?

khoon (m) rap (h) a (l) rai (m) eek (l) mai (r)

คุณรับอะไรอีกไหม

Mike: I am full thank you

im (l) laaeo (h) khaawp (l) khoon (m) maak (f)

อิ่มแล้วขอบคุณมาก

Language Note

The word (khoon) (m) can be used in two ways, firstly it is used to address Thai people by putting the word (khoon) (m) in front of a Thai persons first name (whether male or female),  much in the way of Miss, Mrs or Mr, but maybe with an even more polite implication. The word khoon (m) can later be dropped as the friendship increases. There is no need to apply the word (khoon) (m)) before the first name of a child .

The word (khoon) (m)) also means you as in the phrase above when the waitress asks ‘’ would you like to order anything else’’

Phrase Eight

Mike: Could I have the bill please

khaaw (r) gep (l) dtaang (m) duay (f)

ขอเก็บตังค์ด้วย

Language Note

There are a few ways to ask for the  bill  in this instance to ‘’ gep (l) tang (m)’’ literally means to collect money. Another phrase is ‘’chek bin’’ which is basically an Anglicization of ‘’ check bill’’

Phrase Nine

Mike: Thank you that was delicious

khaawp (l) khoon (m) maak (f) a (l) raawy (l) maak (f)

ขอบคุณมากอร่อยมาก

Language Note

If there is one phrase to learn then I would suggest that ‘’a (l) roy (l) maak (f) to mean delicious’’ is certainly it. There is nothing that the Thai likes more than to hear that you highly enjoyed the food.

Phrase Ten

Mike: See you soon

laaeo (h) phohp (h) gan (m) ใหม่ (l)

แล้วพบกันไหม่

Vocabulary

For further clarification of vocabulary here or further vocabulary in general please visit the brilliant website

http://www.thai-language.com/ and use the dictionary there.

Further  Thai language posts

For Thai language and cultural posts together

http://www.engagingthailand.com/Thaicultureandthailanguagetips.html

For our main Thai language source page with new posts continually being added

http://www.engagingthailand.com/Thailanguage2.html

Recommended Product

The Thai PDQ-Quick Comprehensive Course: Learn to Speak Understand, Read, and Write Thai With Linguaphone Language Programs

If you are planning a trip to Thailand and would like to build up some Thai language to use before you go then look no further than the linguaphone Thai – PDQ quick comprehensive course. I have been a big fan of the Linguaphone method for a number of years and it was how I started my own Thai language studies in the very beginning. Phrase books are all very well and good, but you really have to be hearing the language especially a tonal language to get any grasp on even the basics. This course is designed for busy people in mind with no fluff and no filler just pure information. Linguaphone in my opinion have always done it better than most so why not give yourself a great head start for your forthcoming trip to Thailand.

For those living outside of the UK, you can get the course here

http://www.amazon.com/dp/0747309051/?tag=www.engagingthailandtips.wordpress.com-20

For those living in the UK, you can get the course here

http://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/0747309051/?tag=www.engagingthailandtips.wordpress.com-21

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